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Introduction to Constructive Systems

Code 15203
Year 1
Semester S2
ECTS Credits 5
Workload TP(60H)
Scientific area Construction
Entry requirements NA
Learning outcomes General goals:
- To make students aware of the notion of architecture as an essentially structural and constructed fact.
- To make students aware of the notion that the construction of architecture is processed through the coordination and harmonization of several subsystems, variable in time and space, often disparate, non-coherent and even antagonistic to each other.
- to make students aware of a design informed by a critical and ethical attitude towards society and the environment.
Specific goals:
- To enable students to understand the constructive raison d'etre of architectural forms, both traditional and contemporary.
- To enable students to understand light-weight construction systems.
- To enable students to understand detailed design systems.
- To train students for an architectural design informed by physical and structural feasibility.
Syllabus I. WHY: INTRODUCTION TO AN ETHICS AND ONTOLOGY OF CONSTRUCTION
1. Why to build and why to build well.
2. The question of the building activity as the origin of architecture.
3. Building as an activity that links and relats.
II. WHERE: ARCHITECTURE AND THE ENVIRONMENTAL CONTEXT:
1. Influence of climatic factors.
2. The four basic climatic areas and their relationship to the human settlements.
3. Relationship between the building and the natural elements.
4. Relationship between building elements and natural elements.
5. Climatic areas in Portuguese territory.
HOW: ARCHITECTURE AS A SYSTEM OF SYSTEMS – LIGHT SYSTEMS AND TRADITIONAL SYSTEMS
1. Systems in building construction.
2. Structural systems.
3. Primary systems – Floors, walls, and roofs: definitions and classifications, requirements, and materials.
4. Secondary systems – Vertical connections and openings: definitions and classifications, requirements, and materials.
Main Bibliography - BEHLING, Sophia e Stefan (2002). Sol Power: La Evolución de la Arquitectura Sostenible. Barcelona: Editorial Gustavo Gili.
- CHING, Francis e ADAMS, Cassandra (2001). Building Construction Illustrated. Nova Iorque: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
- DEPLAZES, Andrea (2005). Constructing architecture. Basel: Editora Birkhäuser, 2005.
- FRAMPTON, Keneth (1998). Introdução ao Estudo da Cultura Tectónica. Lisboa: AAP – Contemporânea Editora.
- OLIVEIRA, Ernesto Veiga de (1992). Arquitectura Tradicional Portuguesa. Lisboa: Dom Quixote.
- VITTONE, René (1999). Bâtir: Manuel de la Construction. Lausanne: P. P. U. R.
Teaching Methodologies and Assessment Criteria Classes will be theoretical-practical, with explanation and discussion of contents. Additionally, assignments will be produced in which, in addition to the application of acquired theoretical knowledge, students will be encouraged to engage in permanent investigation and discovery.
Due to the nature of the Unit, the evaluation will be continuous and permanent.
The fundamental moments of evaluation established in the form of written tests will be fulfilled. The evaluation of these tests will complement the practical work.
The practical exercises to be carried out will be prepared and evaluated according to the following parameters: Distribution; Detailing; Graphic representation and organization of work.
The evaluation will be the one that results from the weighting of the following elements, listed in descending order of importance: Evaluation of the theoretical-practical work produced; Assessment of interim written tests; Attendance and Participation.
Language Portuguese. Tutorial support is available in English.
Last updated on: 2022-06-19

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