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Theories of the State

Code 15465
Year 3
Semester S1
ECTS Credits 6
Workload OT(15H)/TP(45H)
Scientific area Ciência Política
Entry requirements Not aplicable.
Learning outcomes This course aims to introduce the student to in-depth reflection on the theme of the State, its origin, its structure, nature, elements and essential theoretical and practical organizational characteristics. The course will focus on a phylogenetic perspective on the plurality of the organizational phenomenon of power, its theoretical bases, as well as its practical and historical materialization. The course will be eminently theoretical and practical, with blocks of theoretical exposition, with practical reading units of excerpts from classic fundamental texts on the subjects, as well as with the reading of comments and the respective promotion of students' capacity for reflection and argumentation about the theme.
Syllabus 1. Introduction: the problem of the State in abstract and its main conceptual axes (the sources and point of view of the State: the paradox of Competition, Cooperation and Recognition; Altruism and Selfishness; Power and Authority: Legitimacy and Legality; the Public and the Private; Regulation, Rights and Duty; the reason of/of the State: the problem of the Authority for Security and for the Control of Freedom; the State ideology);
2. The laws of state development: consolidation, rationalization and expansion – the problem of bureaucracy; definition of basic practical concepts: political regimes and government systems; parliamentarism, presidentialism and hybrid systems; the problem of separation of powers. The practical conceptual conditions of possibility for the Rule of Law and for Liberal Democracies;
3. Practical cases of Power: a comparative critique of States and their political systems; critical readings: Pluralism, Elitism, Marxism and Institutionalism; the state
Main Bibliography - Colin Hay, Michael Lister, David Marsh (Ed.s), The State: Theories and Issues, Hampshire, Palgrave Macmillan, 2006;
- Daniele Caramani (Ed.), Comparative Politics, OUP, 2017;
- Fukuyama, Francis; Political Order and Political Decay: From the Industrial Revolution to the Globalisation of Democracy, Profile Books, 2015;
- Fukuyama, Francis, The Origins of Political Order: From Prehuman Times to the French Revolution, Profile Books, 2012;
- Mcclelland, J. S., A History of Western Political Thought, Routledge, 1998;
- Moreira, Adriano, Ciência Política, Coimbra, Almedina, 2009;
- Pasquino, Gianfranco, Sistemas Políticos Comparados, Principia, 2007;
Teaching Methodologies and Assessment Criteria a) The student must solve a written test in person;
b) The student must write a work project on a critical comment and deliver it to the teacher – this comment must be a critical exercise on a text presented or not in class;
c) The student-worker must undergo only a periodic assessment of two tests to be held on the same days as the other students. In this case, the percentages for evaluation are: 45% for the first test and 55% for the second. These students are exempt from making the critical comment.
Language Portuguese. Tutorial support is available in English.
Last updated on: 2022-01-26

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