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Fundamentals of Optometry

Code 12507
Year 2
Semester S1
ECTS Credits 6
Workload PL(30H)/TP(30H)
Scientific area Optometria
Entry requirements Knowledge of Anatomy and Ocular Physiology and Geometric Optics
Mode of delivery Face to Face
Work placements Not applicable
Learning outcomes - Integrate the different methods of optometric examination to study and determine the refractive state. - Identify and recognize the characteristics, signs and symptoms of various refractive defects and relate them to the phenomenon of aging.
Syllabus Knowledge, understanding and clinical skills should be demonstrated in the areas of: (1) refractive states of the eye, (2) presbyopia mechanism, (3) refractive changes related to age, (4) epidemiology, history and symptoms of refractive anomalies, (5) observation and recognition of clinical signs, (6) identification, compensation and follow-up of refractive anomalies through ophthalmic lenses and contact lenses. (7) objective and subjective techniques of exploration of the refractive state. Practical Component: (1) Retinoscopy (Static and Mohindra) (2) Keratometry (3) Visual acuity (4) Monocular, biocular and binocular subjective (5) Refractive Examination (Focimeter, Case History, Visual Acuity, Retinoscopy and Subjective
Main Bibliography - Benjamin, W.J. (2006) Borish's Clinical Refraction, 2nd Edition, Elsevier, Butterworth-Heinemann.
- Rosenfield, M., Logan, N. (2009) Optometry: Science, Techniques and Clinical Management, Butterworth Heinemann Elsevier.
- Elliot, D.B. (2008) Clinical Procedures in Primary Eye Care, Butterworth-Heinemann.
Teaching Methodologies and Assessment Criteria Teaching methodologies integrating: tutorials, problem solving for exemplification, practical classes (skills), performing a case history, self-study. Student evaluation resorting to written tests, skill tests , case history evaluation.
Language Portuguese. Tutorial support is available in English.
Last updated on: 2016-06-15

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