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Biomedical Optics

Code 12530
Year 3
Semester S2
ECTS Credits 6
Workload PL(30H)/TP(30H)
Scientific area Optics
Entry requirements No requirements.
Mode of delivery Face-to-face.
Work placements Not applicable.
Learning outcomes The main learning goal, for this unit consists, from the student point of view, acquisition of concepts and knowledge from previous years, mainly Wave Optics and Optical Systems and its application to life sciences. In this way, the learning on fundamentals of photonics and its respective applications to medical and biology are relevant. Furthermore, special attention is put on the resolution of worked examples and laboratory work focused on the program. Finally, it is intended that the student must develop basic research capacity and the ability to transmit knowledge by doing bibliographic research and its respective oral presentation focused on a topic of the program.
Syllabus 1. Optical fibers:
- Geometrical description of light rays
- Relevant parameters of the optical fiber (Numerical aperture, V-number, attenuation etc).
- Medial applications (endoscopes, photodynamical therapy).

2. Lasers and medical applications:
- Theory of optical coherent amplifiers.
- Beam characterization. Optical cavity. He-Ne, Nd:YAG and ruby lasers.
- Laser light interaction with biological tissues and medical applications.

3. Optical coherence tomography (OCT):
- Theoretical and experimental description of an OCT.
- Medical applications of the OCT technique.

4. Polarimetry:
- Polarized light and its interaction with biological tissues (Muller matrix methods and chirality).

5. Fundamentals of nanobiophotonics:
- Colloidal gold suspensions and optical properties.
- Biological sensors.

6. Holography:
- Basics of the holographic recording.
- Medical applications.
Main Bibliography - M. Ferreira, Óptica e Fotónica, Lidel Edições Técnicas Limitada (2003)
- S. A. Kane, Physics in Modern Medicine, Taylor & Francis Group (2005)
- B.E.A Saleh and M.C. Teich, Fundamentals of Photonics, John Wiley & Sons (1991)
- A. Yariv, Optical Electronics, Hartcourt Brace Jovanovich College Publishers, 4th Edition (1991)
Planned learning activities and teaching methods Theoretical and practical explanation in classroom. Labs with practical demonstration of the topics shown in classroom. Introduction to research including a written work with subject related to the program of the course. The teaching methodology used for this course, looks at all times to highlight the importance of photonics in biomedical sciences. The literature search assignment promotes independence and motivation so that the student can focus on those biomedical applications that stimulates the most curiosity and interest. The laboratory work promotes teamwork and allows the observation in practice of the scientific principles discussed in the theoretical-practical classes.
Metodologias de Ensino e Critérios de Avaliação Avaliação com testes de frequência e exame. Avaliação nos laboratórios por relatórios escritos. Avaliação do trabalho de pesquisa, com trabalho escrito e apresentação oral.
Language Portuguese. Tutorial support is available in English.
Last updated on: 2016-06-09

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