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  4. Seminar on Ethics and Phenomenology I

Seminar on Ethics and Phenomenology I

Code 13031
Year 1
Semester S2
ECTS Credits 15
Workload OT(4H)/S(39H)
Scientific area Philosophy
Mode of delivery face-to-face.
Work placements none.
Objectives and Learning outcomes of the Course Unit At the end of this Seminar, the student should be able to:

A. Discuss, explain, and justify the genesis of the problems, notions and fundamental implications of the Phenomenology (e.g., the anti-subjectivist attitude of Husserl) in their specific historical and thematic contexts, in the light of consecrated texts and fundamental authors;

B. To deepen and cross plural phenomenological perspectives in order to perform well structured transitions to a practical philosophy;

C. Write a paper demonstrating a global understanding of problems and an ability to apply this knowledge in making methodological and theoretical decisions within a specific topic.
Course unit contents/Syllabus 1. The idea of Phenomenology: from Psychology to transcendental Philosophy;
2. Background of Transcendental Philosophy: the Cartesian heritage of phenomenology and its Kantian moment; demarcation of Hegelian 'phenomenology'.
3. Revisiting Phenomenology topics:
3.1. The emergence of a new concept of subjectivity;
3.2. Phenomenological intentionality and ethical intentionality; the principles of Phenomenology;
3.3. The phenomenological dimension of modes of bestowal ("constitution");
3.4. Phenomenological reduction.
4. Scope of the Phenomenology:
4.1. its universality: method, science and / or theory of knowledge?
4.2. his "productivity": can Phenomenology, as transcendental Philosophy, be more than a "brand new metaphysics"?
5. Pretended "turns" of the phenomenological project: ontological (Heidegger, Sartre, Vatimo), hermeneutics (Gadamer, Merleau-Ponty, Ricoeur), theological (Henry, Marion), ...
6. From Phenomenology to Ethics: the emergence of a phenomenology of the will within the Lebenswelt and within the limits of method.
Recommended or required reading ALLIEZ É., De l’impossibilité de la phénoménologie. Sur la phénoménologie française contemporaine, Paris, Vrin, 1995.
Courtine Jean-François, La cause de la phénoménologie, Paris, PUF, 2007.
HAAR M., La philosophie française entre phénoménologie et métaphysique, Paris, PUF, 1999.
HEIDEGGER M., Les problèmes fondamentaux de la phénoménologie, Paris, Gallimard, 1985.
Henry M., «Quatre principes de la phénoménologie», In: Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 96 (1991), pp. 3-26; Id., «Phénoménologie non intentionnelle:
une tâche pour une phénoménologie à venir», In: D. Janicaud (éd.), L’intentionnalité en question. Entre phénoménologie et sciences cognitives, Paris, Vrin,
1995, pp. 383-397.
HUSSERL E., Idées directrices pour une phénoménologie, Paris, Gallimard, 1950.
SAN MARTIN J., La estructura del método fenomenológico, Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distância, Madrid, 1986.
Planned learning activities and teaching methods The methodology consists of research work adequate to the functioning of the Course Unit in a seminar system:

there will be reading and prior study of the texts, joint re-reading of excerpts, oral expositions, critical and reflexive commentary, either personal or based on secondary authors, discussion, dialogue, questioning, some oral expositions of doctoral students on a precise point.

In each year, only a selection of topics, issues or problems of Political Philosophy within the scope of the mentioned programmatic contents may be studied in more depth. Assessment is done through written individual research work on a topic within the general scope of the Seminar.
Language Portuguese. Tutorial support is available in English.
Last updated on: 2017-05-25

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