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  4. Seminar on Ethics and Phenomenology II

Seminar on Ethics and Phenomenology II

Code 13034
Year 2
Semester S2
ECTS Credits 7
Workload S(39H)
Scientific area Philosophy
Mode of delivery face-to-face.
Work placements none.
Objectives and Learning outcomes of the Course Unit At the end of this Seminar, students should be able to:

1. Identify and discuss problems that arise in the transition from phenomenological description to practical prescription;

2. Discuss, explain and justify the genesis of the problems, notions and fundamental implications of ethics (e.g. teleology, deontology, preferential choice, phronesis, etc.) in their specific historical and thematic contexts, in the light of fundamental texts/authors;

3. Write a paper demonstrating global understanding of problems and ability to apply that knowledge in making methodological and theoretical decisions within a specific topic.
Course unit contents/Syllabus 1. Within the limits of the Phenomenology: perception and volition / description and prescription; the notions of 'will' and 'freedom' put to the test. The emergence of various types of Ethics and its epistemological status.

2. Ethics in the teleological horizon: practices of reason and practical truth (praktikê alêtheia). For a Phenomenology of action in Aristotelian ethics and its revisions.
2.1. The manufactures of the action: task (ergon) and ethical self-realization;
2.2. The reasons for the action: practical syllogism (syllogismos praktikos) and ethical discursiveness;
2.3. The texts on action: prudential decision (phronesis) and ethical attestation;
2.4. Current retrievals of teleology: A. MacIntyre and M. Nussbaum.
3. Ethics under the proof of universalization. The Kantian moment: good will, duty and categorical imperative.
4. Under the sign of the 'concrete universal': convergence of télos and Pflichbegriff in the "prudential moment" of practical sageza.
5. Ricoeur and the basic triangle of ethics: aiming at the good life ("myself"), with and for others ("you"), in just institutions ("him").
Recommended or required reading Amaral A.C., Mesomorfologia da acção em Aristóteles: os limites da decisão no limiar da phronesis, Covilhã, Universidade da Beira Interior, 2014
Aristóteles, Ética a Eudemo, ed. bilingue,co-trad. António AMARAL & Artur MORÃO, Lisboa: Tribuna, 2005 (no prelo);
Aristóteles, Ética a Nicómaco, ed. bilingue, trad. Dimas de ALMEIDA, Lisboa: Edições Universitárias Lusófonas, 2012
Heidegger M., Interpretações fenomenológicas sobre Aristóteles, Petrópolis, Editora Vozes, 2011.
Kant I., Fundamentação da metafísica dos costumes Lisboa, Edições 70, 1995.
MacIntyre A., After Virtue: A Study in Moral Theory, Chicago, University of Notre Dame Press, 2007
Nussbaum M. C., The Fragility of Goodness: Luck and Ethics in Greek Tragedy and Philosophy, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2001
Ricoeur P., Soi-même comme un autre, Paris, Seuil, 1990
Santos, J.M., Introdução à Ética, Lisboa, Documenta, 2012
Planned learning activities and teaching methods The methodology consists of research work adequate to the functioning of the Course Unit in a seminar system:

1. There will be reading and prior study of the texts, joint re-reading of excerpts, oral expositions, critical and reflexive commentary, either personal or based on secondary authors, discussion, dialogue, questioning, some oral expositions of doctoral students on a precise point.

2. In each year, only a selection of topics, issues or problems of Political Philosophy within the scope of the mentioned programmatic contents may be studied in more depth. Assessment is done through written individual research work on a topic within the general scope of the Seminar.
Language Portuguese. Tutorial support is available in English.
Last updated on: 2017-05-25

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