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Philosophy and Culture

Code 10951
Year 2
Semester S1
ECTS Credits 6
Workload OT(15H)/TP(45H)
Scientific area Philosophy
Entry requirements There are no prerequisites.
Mode of delivery Theoretical-practical
Work placements Not aplicable
Learning outcomes - At the end of the teaching-learning process, the student should be able to
1. Determine the notions of "Philosophy" and "Culture" and some models of the relationship between them (critical, dialectic, mimetic, subordinate, justification, fragmentary, dispute, etc.);
2. Recognize and justify the ambiguity and the impossibility of a univocal concept of Culture;
3. Problematize the relations between Knowledge and Power in the trials of Antigone and Socrates, in the Kantian Aufkärung, and in the Nazi concentration camps;
4. To situate chronologically texts taught and to relate them with other dimensions of the coeval culture;
5. To personally make critical judgments about the phenomena and historical-cultural processes studied;

- Of Attitudes and Values:
1. Stimulate the taste for new themes, new authors and new learning;
2. Foster the capacity of analysis and synthesis, critical spirit, autonomous thinking, originality in approaches to emerging problems in Culture;
INTRODUCTION - Presentation and preliminary questions about the relationship between Philosophy and Culture.

I - PHILOSOPHY, CULTURE AND POLIS (V-IV centuries BC). Emergence and development of philosophical rationality in ancient Greece: Antigone and Socrates: how was it possible to condemn them to death?

II - MODERNITY, CULTURE AND BILDUNG (XVIII century). Study of the text of I. Kant: Answer to the question: "What is the Enlightenment?"

III - CULTURE, BARBARY AND 'KRISIS' (XX-XXI century). From Friedrich Nietzsche's Intempestive Considerations to Georges Steiner's Bluebeard Castle. "All my life I've wondered if the humanities really humanize." (G. Steiner)

CONCLUSION - Alice looking in the broken mirror. Problems of multiculturalism.
Main Bibliography (outros textos, estudos subsidiários e obras, como filmes, etc., irão sendo referidos durante a lecionação)

ANTUNES Manuel, «Cultura», in Obra Completa, Tomo I - Theoria: Cultura e Civilização, Vol. IV: História da Cultura, FCG, Lisboa, 2005, pp. 86-90;
BLOOM Alan, A Cultura Inculta. Ensaio sobre Declínio da Mente Americana, Europa-América, Lisboa, 1990.
ELIADE Mircea, Aspetos do Mito, Edições 70, Lisboa, 1989.
HUNTINGTON Samuel P., The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order, Simon & Schuster, London, 2002.
JASPERS Karl, Iniciação Filosófica, Guimarães Editores, Lisboa, 1987.
KANT Immanuel, Resposta à pergunta: «O que é o Iluminismo?», (trad. port. Artur Morão), LusoSofia, Covilhã, 2009.
PLATÃO, Apologia de Sócrates, (trad. port. J. T. Santos), IN-CM, Lisboa, 1993
SÓFOCLES, Antígona, FCG, Lisboa, 2008.
Teaching Methodologies and Assessment Criteria Considering the reflective nature of the subject, the methodology of the contact hours will include a presentation and systematic explanation of the themes of the program, dialogue and discussion with students, joint reading and critical commentary of texts or other materials. The OT's will be used to clarify doubts, methodological questions, especially writing practices from the resolution of questions, help in bibliographical research, etc.

The evaluation will be performed by two frequency tests, both of consultation: the first on October 30, 2018, and the second, global, on December 17, 2019 (30% each); and a debate, on January 7, 2020, between groups of students in which the class will divide, on the tragedy Antigone of Sophocles (the manner and terms of this debate will be explained and prepared in class; by lot, a group will defend Creon and accuse Antigone, and vice versa: 30%).
Language Portuguese. Tutorial support is available in English.
Last updated on: 2020-01-09

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