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Neuroscience of Vision

Code 12506
Year 2
Semester S1
ECTS Credits 6
Workload TP(60H)
Scientific area Biomedical Sciences
Entry requirements --
Mode of delivery Face to face
Work placements Not applicable.
Learning outcomes In this curricular unit it is intended that the student obtain knowledge about
microscopic, macroscopic and functional mechanisms underlying vision of objects and associated pathology. Demonstrate knowledge in the field of neurosciences in the vision field, namely about anatomical and functional mechanisms underlying vision. At the end of the course unit the learner is expected to be able to:
- Understand the anatomy of the eye and visual pathways and their function.
- To understand the functionality of the vision of movement, colour and light.
- Understand the pathology associated with vision loss, eye movements and the perception of movement, shape and colour at anatomical and functional level.
Syllabus - Structure and organization of the Nervous System - Central and Peripheral Nervous System
- Cellular components of the Nervous System: constitution, characteristics, and functions.
- Cellular communication - Nerve cell electrophysiology (action and resting potential, synapses and receptors)
- Neuroanatomy of visual pathways and organization of visual cortex
- Anatomical constitution of the eyeball
- Image formation in the retina
- Retinal cellular organization - Signal transduction in the retina
- Functional specialization and anatomical distribution of photoreceptors in the retina
- Colour vision - Central projections of retinal ganglion cells
- Representation of the visual field in the retina - Visual field deficiencies
- Combination of the afferences coming from the two eyes.
- Main associated pathologies (such as neuropathies, posterior brain lesions, blindness, hemianopsias and quadrantanopsias).
Main Bibliography - Cinnamon VanPutte, Jennifer Regan, Andrew Russo. Seeley’s anatomy & physiology, 12th ed. (2020) ISBN - 978-1-260-17219-5
- Eric Kandel, John Koester, Sarah Mack, Steven Siegelbaum. Principles of Neural Science. 6th ed. (2021). ISBN - 978-1-25-964224-1
- Elaine Marieb, Katja Hoehn. Human anatomy and physiology. 11eth ed. (2019). ISBN – 9781292260853
- Estomih Mtui, Gregory Gruener, Peter Dockery. Fitzgerald’s Clinical Neuroanatomy and Neuroscience. 8th ed. 2020. ISBN 9780702079092
- Jonathan D. Trobe. The Neurology of Vision. 1st ed. (2001). ISBN 978-0195129786
Teaching Methodologies and Assessment Criteria Classes are organized combining complementary teaching techniques: (i) lectures and discussion (supported by slides and other materials made available through the e-content platform); (ii) laboratory classes (in anatomy laboratory with models and anatomic table) with presentation of research themes and topics related to Vision Neurosciences; (iii) self-learning in group work context, presentations, and scientific discussion. The assessment includes a theoretical part in the form of written tests, and the elaboration of scientific work with oral presentation.
Language Portuguese. Tutorial support is available in English.
Last updated on: 2024-01-19

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