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Sociological Theories: Founders and Classics

Code 13113
Year 1
Semester S1
ECTS Credits 6
Workload TP(60H)
Scientific area Sociology
Entry requirements No requirements.
Mode of delivery Mandatory attendance and daytime.
Work placements Not included.
Learning outcomes Specific objectives: 1) Inform with knowledge on the social and intellectual contexts in which Sociology emerged. 2) Provide the students with knowledge on the theoretical and methodological propositions of the founders and classical authors of Sociology. Specific skills: 1 )On conclusion of the unit, students must be able to recognize the identity and specificity of Sociology. 2) They must identify and integrate the theories under consideration within the prevailing great currents of thought. 3) The students must be able to identify and apply the acquired theoretical and methodological instruments. Horizontal objectives: 1) Develop in students a critical spirit. 2) Promote habits of teamwork among students. 3) Empower students with ethical rules. Transferable skills: At the end of the CU students must be able to: 1)Understand the relation between theory and practice and make use of a critical, reflective and analytical thinking. 2)Demonstrate interpersonal skills.
Syllabus - The emergence of Sociology: social contexts and intellectual traditions (French, German, Italian, North American and English).
- The precursors:
Augusto Comte, Alexis de Tocqueville, Karl Marx, Herbert Spencer and Frederic le Pay.
- The founders:
a. Émile Durkheim's positivist sociology;
b. Collective memory as a social construct. The contribution of Maurice Halbwachs;
c. Simmel and the problem of sociology;
d. Tonnies, community and society;
e. Max Weber's comprehensive sociology;
f. Robert Michels and the oligarchic issue;
g. Pareto and the logic of action;
H. Mosca and the political class;
i. The female contribution to classical sociological theory; Harriet Martineau and “the women of Chicago”.
Main Bibliography Basic bibliography

Aron, R. (1994). As etapas do pensamento sociológico. Lisboa: Dom Quixote.

Calvino, I. (1991). Por que ler os Clássicos. São Paulo: Companhia das Letras.

Cruz, M.B. (org.) (1995). Teorias sociológicas. Os fundadores e os clássicos. Lisboa: Fundação Gulbenkian.

Garcia, J.L. & Martins, H. (orgs.) (2019). Lições de Sociologia Clássica. Lisboa: Edições 70.

Martins, C. (2006). O que é a Sociologia. São Paulo: Brasiliense.

Ritzer, G. & Stepnisky, J. (2018). Classical Sociological Theory. Los Angeles: Sage.
Teaching Methodologies and Assessment Criteria It is a theoretical-practical course. At first, classes consist of expository lectures aimed at transmitting content. The practical part includes reading, interpreting and discussing texts previously indicated for home reading. In addition, students are required to present a theoretical contributions not directly contemplated in the programme.

Language Portuguese. Tutorial support is available in English.
Last updated on: 2021-10-21

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