- At the end of the teaching-learning process, the student should be able to
1. Determine the notions of "Philosophy" and "Culture" and some models of the relationship between them (critical, dialectic, mimetic, subordinate, justification, fragmentary, dispute, etc.);
2. Recognize and justify the ambiguity and the impossibility of a univocal concept of Culture;
3. Problematize the relations between Knowledge and Power in the trials of Antigone and Socrates, in the Kantian Aufkärung, and in the Nazi concentration camps;
4. To situate chronologically texts taught and to relate them with other dimensions of the coeval culture;
5. To personally make critical judgments about the phenomena and historical-cultural processes studied;
- Of Attitudes and Values:
1. Stimulate the taste for new themes, new authors and new learning;
2. Foster the capacity of analysis and synthesis, critical spirit, autonomous thinking, originality in approaches to emerging problems in Culture;
(outros textos, estudos subsidiários e obras, como filmes, etc., irão sendo referidos durante a lecionação)
ANTUNES Manuel, «Cultura», in Obra Completa, Tomo I - Theoria: Cultura e Civilização, Vol. IV: História da Cultura, FCG, Lisboa, 2005, pp. 86-90;
BAUDRILLARD Jean, Cultura y simulacro, Editorial Kairós, Barcelona, 1978
BLOOM Alan, A Cultura Inculta. Ensaio sobre Declínio da Mente Americana, E-A, Lisboa, 1990.
HUNTINGTON Samuel P., The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order, Simon & Schuster, London, 2002.
JASPERS Karl, Iniciação Filosófica, Guimarães Editores, Lisboa, 1987.
KANT Immanuel, Resposta à pergunta: «O que é o Iluminismo?», (trad. port. Artur Morão), LusoSofia, Covilhã, 2009.
PLATÃO, Apologia de Sócrates, (trad. port. J. T. Santos), IN-CM, Lisboa, 1993
STEINER Georges, No Castelo do Barba Azul. Alguma Notas, Lisboa, Relóg
SUBIRATS Eduardo, La cultura como espectáculo, México, Madrid, Buenos Aires, Fondo de Cultura Económica, 1988.
Teaching Methodologies and Assessment Criteria
Considering the reflective nature of the subject, the methodology of the contact hours will include a presentation and systematic explanation of the themes of the program, dialogue and discussion with students, joint reading, and critical commentary of texts or other materials. The OT's will be used to clarify doubts, methodological questions, especially writing practices from the resolution of questions, help in bibliographical research, etc.
The evaluation will be performed by two frequency tests: the first on November 15th, 2021 (40%), and the second, on January 3th, 2022 (40% each); moreover, a small research paper (c. 7 pp) on a text to be chosen by the student and to be delivered on January 10th, 2022 (20%).