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Religion and Culture

Code 14263
Year 3
Semester S1
ECTS Credits 6
Workload OT(15H)/TP(45H)
Scientific area Cultura
Entry requirements Not applicable
Mode of delivery Theoretical-practical and presential teaching.
Work placements Not applicable.
Learning outcomes At the end of the academic process of this U.C., the student must be able to:
1. Demonstrate ability to discuss and problematize, orally and in writing, the notions of 'religion', 'culture', 'hierophany', 'myth', 'symbol', and 'rite'
2. To recognize the polarity sacred - profane as the founder of the cultures
3. Describe the historical process that goes from the archaic solidarity between religion and culture to modern conflicts and recompositions
4. Issue critical judgments based on current processes of the relationship between religion and cultures: violence, intolerance, fundamentalism, sectarianism, globalization, pluralism, ecumenism, human rights
Syllabus 1) Religion and Culture
1.1. The archaic relation between Sacred and Profane in the foundation of Cultures: polysemies of "hierophany", "sacer" and "prophanum". Myth, symbol, and rite as essential determinations of Culture
1.2. The notions of religion and culture: polysemy of the terms "cultum" and "religio"
1.3. Civilizational religious matrices: from polytheism to monotheism

2) Culture without Religion
2.1. Old criticism of religion: Xenophanes, Critics, Lucretius.
2.2. Modern culture as a critique of religion: rationalism and enlightenment.
2.3. Modern Politics and Science as substitutes for religion.

3) Religion without Culture?
3.1. The return of fideism: sectarianism, fanaticism and fundamentalism.
3.2. Religion and Violence: the problem of religious and cultural intolerance. Clash of civilizations? Global ethics?
3.3. Religion and Culture: the intercultural and ecumenical evocation of religious nonviolence.
Main Bibliography — Sources (indispensable/essential reading):
ELIADE Mircea, O Sagrado e o Profano, (trad. port. de R. Fernandes), Lisboa, Ed.
Livros do Brasil, [s.d.].
Enuma Elish. Poema babilónico de la Creación, trad. esp., F. Lara Peinado, Madrid,
Trotta, 1994 (texto integral).
NIETZSCHE Friedrich, Obras Escolhidas de Nietzsche: Vol. III, A Gaia Ciência, Lisboa,
Círculo de Leitores, 1996 (excertos).
XENÓFANES, in Fragmentos pré-socráticos, Madrid, Alianza Editorial, 2008
(fragmentos selecionados).

— Texts and Studies (further reading and consultation): indicated in the pdf Program delivered to the students.
Teaching Methodologies and Assessment Criteria Considering the reflective nature of the Module there will be exposition and introduction classes to themes and authors, and practical classes with text interpretation, commentary, dialogue, argument, clarification of doubts, and debate with the students. In these classes, there will be a strong connection to textual analysis, recognition, in texts, of authors, themes, and their historical contexts. Tutorial guidance will be used for methodological issues, bibliographic research indications, and for other requests from students.

The final classification (FC) will take into account the combination of the following elements:

a) two tests (1st: 18th November: 35%; 2nd, global: 06th January 2022: 50%);
Language Portuguese. Tutorial support is available in English.
Last updated on: 2021-10-14

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