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Chemical Industries

Code 8457
Year 1
Semester S1
ECTS Credits 6
Workload T(30H)/TP(30H)
Scientific area Industrial Chemistry
Entry requirements Not applicable.
Mode of delivery Face to face, with both theoretical and theoretical-practical.
Work placements Not applicable.
Learning outcomes •Acquire an overview of the panorama of chemical industry in Portugal and in Europe. •Understand the role of a master degree in industrial chemistry in chemical industry. •Integrate the knowledge acquired in courses of the 1st cycle in order to interpret processes of transformation. The student must be able to: • Describe the role of a master degree in Industrial chemistry in chemicals industry. • Identify the most relevant chemical sectors in Portugal and describe their main products. • Identify the steps of reaction and the unit operations involved in the processes, as well as their rational. • Analyze process flowsheets. • Realize the rational of flow streams of materials in processes, including recirculations. • Identify and calculate the requirements of heat exchange in processes. • Understand the basic concepts of process control. • Perform some complex calculations for process analysis.
Syllabus 1. Introduction to chemical and related industries. Main products of the chemical industry in Portugal and Europe. Petroleum refining. Petrochemical complexes in Portugal; main products and main clusters. 2. The role of the graduated on industrial chemical in chemical industry. 3. Process diagrams. 4. Review of chemical equilibrium and thermochemical concepts. 5. Analysis of a case study (nitric acid production) to illustrate the integration of thermodynamic information and energy balances, chemical reactions and unit operations. 6. Non-isothermal reactors. 7. Introduction to instrumentation and process control. 8. Presentation of several equipment (mixers, reactors, distillation and absorption towers, heat exchangers, ...). 9. Introduction to equipment design. 10. Analysis of a transformation process (group work) according to paragraph 5; draft design of one or more pieces of equipment.
Main Bibliography Ramôa Ribeiro, Fernado; Nunes, Clemente Pedro, As indústrias Químicas em Portugal – Perspectivas para o século XXI, Escolar Editiota, 2001. Shreve, R.N. e Brink, J.A., Indústrias de processos químicos, 4ª edição, Editora Gunabara, Rio de Janeiro, 1977. Green, D.W. e Perry, R.H., Perry’s Chemical Engineers’ Handbook, 8th Edition, Edited by McGraw-Hill, 2008. Further reading: Coulson, J.M., Richardson, J.F., Tecnologia Química, Vol. I (Fluxo de fluidos, transferência de calor e transferência de massa), Fundação Calouste Gulbenkian, 1974. Coulson, J.M., Richardson, J.F., Tecnologia Química, Vol. II (Operações Unitárias), Fundação Calouste Gulbenkian, 1968. Coulson, J.M., Richardson, J.F., Tecnologia Química, Vol. VI (Uma introdução ao projecto em tecnlogia química), Fundação Calouste Gulbenkian, 1989. Tegeder, F., Mayer, L., Métodos de la industria química en diagramas de flujo coloreados, parte 1 (Inorgânica), parte 2 (orgânica), Editorial Reverte, Barcelona, 1987.
Language Portuguese. Tutorial support is available in English.
Last updated on: 2019-06-12

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