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Physical Chemistry

Code 12816
Year 2
Semester S1
ECTS Credits 6
Workload PL(15H)/T(30H)/TP(15H)
Scientific area Chemistry
Entry requirements Not applicable.
Mode of delivery At the institution.
Work placements Not applicable.
Learning outcomes The course unit aims to provide a basic understanding of the core area of physical chemistry: chemical thermodynamics, chemical equilibrium, phase equilibrium and chemical kinetics, based around the theme of systems, states and processes applied to biological phenomena.
At the end of this UC the student should be able to:
- Mastering the terminology of thermodynamics and chemical kinetics: nomenclature, system units and conventions.
- Apply the learned formalism to solve problems and case studies of thermodynamics and chemical kinetics related to biological phenomena.
- Plan, design and develop experimental work to study simple thermodynamic kinetic properties.
-Treat experimental data in order to understand systems behavior by calculation and analysis of derived thermodynamic and kinetic properties.
- Demonstrated scientific ability and critical thinking in interpreting systems thermodynamic and kinetic behavior.
Syllabus - Thermodynamic laws:
1st Law and generalized work. Statistical interpretation of entropy and 2nd law of thermodynamics. Gibbs energy.
- Solution thermodynamics: Partial molar quantities. Binary mixture of volatile liquids. Real solutions. Thermodynamics of mixing. Colligative properties.
- States and chemical equilibrium:
Phase diagrams. Thermodynamic basis of chemical equilibrium. Binding of ligands to macromolecules. Bioenergetics and standard state.
- Thermodynamics of ions and electron transport: Electrolytic solutions. Ionic activity. Electrochemical cells thermodynamics. Ions transport across biological membranes.
- Surface phenomena: Surface tension. Excess surface concentration. Adsorption isotherms.
- Chemical Kinetics: Kinetic parameters. Reaction Mechanisms. Reaction dynamics. Homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysis.
- Practical assignments:
Partial molar quantities. Colligative properties. Adsorption isotherms. Chemical kinetics.
Main Bibliography 1. Engel, T. & Reid, P. Physical chemistry - Thermodynamics, statistical thermodynamics, and kinetics. (Pearson Education Limited, 2020).
2. Chang, R. & Thoman, J. W. Physical chemistry for the chemical sciences. (University Science Books, 2014).
3. Atkins, P. & Paula, J. de. Physical chemistry - Thermodynamics, structure, and change. (W. H. Freeman and Company, 2014).
4. Tinoco, I. et al. Physical Chemistry - Principles and applications in biological sciences. (Pearson Education Limited, 2014).
5. Atkins, P. W. & Paula, J. De. Physical chemistry for the life sciences. (2006).
6. Bhasin, S. K. Pharmaceutical physical chemistry - Theory and practices. (Pearson Education Limited, 2016).
Teaching Methodologies and Assessment Criteria Discipline composed by theoretical, theoretical-practical and laboratory component.
The student can obtain approval by continuous assessment or by final exam assessment.

Continuous evaluation:
Two assessment tests with questions that include the three components of the discipline. The grade of the continuous evaluation will be the average of the two frequency tests.

Final evaluation:
Grade obtained in exam

Final grade:
The highest value between the results obtained in the continuous evaluation and final evaluation.
Language Portuguese. Tutorial support is available in English.
Last updated on: 2023-10-09

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