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Theories of Culture I

Code 13007
Year 1
Semester S1
ECTS Credits 6
Workload OT(15H)/TP(45H)
Scientific area Cultura
Entry requirements N.A.
Learning outcomes
At the end of this course the student should be able to achieve the following objectives:

1. Identify the existence of a structural relationship between culture and society.
2. Understand the basic ideas and operational concepts for a theoretical and critical approach to cultural phenomena;
3. Familiarize himself with the main theoretical approaches to cultural phenomena.
5. Discovering the role of cultural phenomena in their relationship with globalization and technological changes.
6. To express ideas in a reasoned manner, using oral and written communication;
Syllabus Introduction: Culture and Society
1. Genesis and evolution of the concept of culture.
1.1. The subjective conception - active of culture
1.2. The objective-passive conception of culture.
1.3. Humanistic and anthropological conceptions of culture


2. Brief introduction to theories of culture. Culture Theories
2.1 Culture and evolution: Darwin and Harari.
2.2. The Importance of Technique (Arnold Gehlen)
2.3. The Importance of Work (Friedrich Engels)
2.4. Anthropological theories: institutional organization (Malinowski)
.2.5. Anthropological theories: meaning (Levy-Strauss, Geertz),
2.6. Sociological Theories (Marx, Weber, R. Williams and Bourdieu)
2. 7. The psychoanalytic theory (Freud)
2.8. Critical theory and its variants (Adorno)
3. Culture or cultures?
3.1. Globalization and cultural diversity.
3.2. The clash of civilizations: Spengler and Huntington.
3.3. Culture and gender: the feminist critique of the concept of culture.
4. The impact of new technologies.
4.1.Post-humanism

Main Bibliography Adorno, Theodore e Max Horkheimer, O iluminismo como mistificação das massas. In Jorge B. M. de Almeida, Indústria Cultural e Sociedade, Edição Paz e Terra, 2002 pp. 5-44.

Antunes, Manuel, História da Cultura Clássica, Lisboa: Faculdade de Letras, 1967.
Barata Moura, José, O Mundo de Múltiplas Vozes, in Estudos sobre a globalização da sociedade civil, Lisboa: Academia Internacional de Língua Portuguesa, 2008, pp. 62-92.

Bauman, Zygmunt, O papel da cultura nas ciências sociais, Porto Alegre, Editorial Vila Martha, 1980.

Bauman, Zygmunt, Ensaios sobre o Conceito de cultura, Rio de Janeiro, Zahar Editora.

Bauman, Zygmunt, Globalização: As consequências humanas Jorge Zahar Editor Rio de Janeiro 1999.


Pierre Bourdieu, A Economia das Trocas Simbólicas, São Paulo, Perspectiva, 2007.
Teaching Methodologies and Assessment Criteria Two Witten tests and a small essay
Language Portuguese. Tutorial support is available in English.
Last updated on: 2021-10-27

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