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Radiological Protection and Dosimetry

Code 13514
Year 1
Semester S1
ECTS Credits 6
Workload TP(60H)
Scientific area Biomedical Sciences
Entry requirements Do not exist.
Mode of delivery Face-to-face Professor-centered teaching, with active participation of students.
Work placements Not applicable.
Learning outcomes Introduce the main topics of dosimetry and radiation protection, as well as identify and relate the biological effects of ionizing radiation.

At the end of the UC the student should be able to:
1. Analyze and discuss coherently the subjects taught, putting in evidence the
basic theoretical principles and experimental evidence;
2. Interpret, solve and discuss problems, on the subjects taught, of high and
intermediate level;
3. Realize and discuss, in group, experimental work.
Syllabus 1. Quantities and Units in Radiation Protection
1.1. Quantities of exposure
1.2. Quantities of dose
1.3. Quantities of fluence and flux
1.4. Maximum recommended doses

2. Sources of ionizing radiation
2.1. Modes of decay
2.2. Law of radioactive decay
2.3. Various alternatives for a decay process
2.4. Production and decay of radioactivity

3. Interaction of ionizing radiation in the matter
3.1. Basics of the interaction of ionizing radiation
3.2. Interaction of heavy charged particles
3.3. Interaction of electrons and positrons
3.4. Interaction of neutrons (brief introduction)
3.5. Interaction of X- and gamma-rays

4. Biological effects of radiation
4.1. Basics of the interaction of ionizing radiation with biological tissues
4.2. Radio-chemistry
4.3. Effects of irradiation at the cellular level

5. Radioisotopes and dosimetry
5.1. Internal irradiation and internal dose
5.2. External irradiation and external dose

6. Legislation.
Main Bibliography Atoms, Radiation, and Radiation Protection, J. E. Turner, WILEY-VCH (2007)
Introduction to Radiological Physics and Radiation Dosimetry,F. H. Attix,WILEYVCH(2004) Handbook of Radiotherapy Physics: Theory and Practices, Ed. P. Mayles, A. Nahum, J.C Rosenwald, Taylor&Francis (2007)
Radiation Dosimetry Instrumentation and Methods, G. Shani, CRC Press (2001)
Microdosimetry and Its Applications, H. H. Rossi, M. Zaider, Springer (1996)
Fundamentos de Fisica Medica, Ed. Antonio Brosed, SEFM (Espanhol)
The 2007 recommendations of the International Commission on Radiological Protection, Ed. J. Valentin, ICRP Rep. 103 (2007)
Structural Shielding Design for Medical X-Ray Imaging Facilities,Committee 9, NCRP Rep. 104 (2004)
Decreto-Lei 108/2018, 2018-12-03 - DRE
Teaching Methodologies and Assessment Criteria Oral exposition of theoretical lectures accompanied by resolution of application problems. Presentation of the principles and main bases for the construction and formation of the concepts of optimization in radio protection with discussion of the obtained results. Realization of experimental work.

Final evaluation of the UC will be comprised by a continuous component and a final written test:
1. Resolution of exercises: 15%
2. Execution of the practical works and the respective reports: 30%;
3. Oral presentation and discussion of one of experimental work: 15%.
4. Completion of the final written test: 40%;
Language Portuguese. Tutorial support is available in English.
Last updated on: 2020-01-14

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