1) Population dynamics - movement and structure: Population growth. Exogenous and endogenous renewal. Migration, deaths and newborns . Structure by sex and age. Balance between sex. Time, age and generation. Distribution of events by age in time. Longitudinal demographic observation. Description of demographic processes from the concept of generation. Mortality analysis. Health factors. Cross principles of analysis and calculation of time indicators. Crude rates, and birth rates by age (calculation). The AVPP. Birth and fertility. Breeding, reproduction. Generations replacement.
2) Dynamics of world, European and Portuguese populations: Evolution of the population in the last century. Emergence of new problems. The Demographic Transition theory. Epidemiological transition. Transition rhythms of growth. The world population evolution. The "demographic momentum" and likely scenarios of future evolution. Demography of European populations: Aging health impacts.
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