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Methods for Scientific Work

Code 14666
Year 1
Semester S2
ECTS Credits 6
Workload OT(15H)/TP(45H)
Scientific area Communication Sciences
Entry requirements NA
Learning outcomes The UC "Methodology of the Scientific Work" intends to make known the scientific process, its general stages, as well as some of the theoretical and technical research approaches that are integrated in research activities. In the end, students should be able to:
1. Understand the general logic and steps of the research process;
2. Identify and critically evaluate a variety of research methods used in the field of communication;
3. Acquire practical skills that allow the student to collect, analyze, and present research data and write technical and scientific texts.
Syllabus A. The scientific process in social sciences
A1. Scientific curiosity, systematic exercise, methodological rigor and ethics
A2. The scientific method in communication
A3. Research Paradigms: positivist vs constructionist
A4. Identification of Research Methods
B. General stages of the investigation process
B1. Problem definition
B2. Literature review
B3. Formulation of hypotheses
B4. Conceptualization
B5. Operationalization: Definition of variables
B6. Data collection methods and techniques
B7. Sample selection
B8. Data collection
B9. Data processing and analysis
B10. Research writing
B11. Research presentation
C. Technical and scientific writing
C1. Guidelines for good writing
C2. Sources, referencing, citation and bibliography
Main Bibliography Almeida, F., e outros (2015) A Fraude Académica no Ensino Superior em Portugal: um estudo sobre a ética dos alunos portugueses. Coimbra: Imprensa da Universidade de Coimbra.
Berger, A. A (2016) Media and Communication Research Methods. An Introduction to qualitative and quantitative approaches. Londres: Sage Publications.
Bryman, A. (2012) Social Research Methods. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Couper, M. (2008) Designing Effective Web Surveys. Cambridge University Press.
Denzin, N.K. & Lincoln, Y.S. (eds.) (2005) The Sage Handbook of Qualitative Research, 3rd edition. Thousand Oaks, CA, London: Sage.
Keohane, RO, King, G & Verba, S. (1996) Designing Social Inquiry. Scientific inference in Qualitative Research. New Jersey: Princeton University Press.
Kumar, R. (2011) Research Methodology: a step-by-step guide for beginners. Londres: Sage Publications.
Lakatos, E. & Marconi, M. (1992) Metodologia do Trabalho Científico. São Paulo: Editora Atlas.
+Bibliografia a ser indicada nas aulas
Teaching Methodologies and Assessment Criteria Most of the classes are theoretical-practical, with an expository component dedicated to the transmission of content and another of practical content in which the active participation of students is stimulated through interventions, debates and critical reflection exercises on the topics covered.
Throughout the semester students do individual work on a topic of their choice and develop - as a group and under the supervision of the teacher - a research proposal for a research problem of their choice.
At the end of the semester the students make presentations of the group work, in order to develop methodological knowledge, practical application of research methods and techniques, as well as interpretation and argumentation (written and oral).
Language Portuguese. Tutorial support is available in English.
Last updated on: 2024-05-13

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