The main goals of this course unit are the introduction of optical geometrical and physical optics principles and their applications to the study of biological tissues and to nonionizing radiation based medical diagnosis.
By the end of this course unit the student should be able to:
- describe, analyse, and interpret the physical optics phenomena as well as the interaction of light with biological tissue
- make the connection between the phenomena and several biomedical optics diagnostic techniques.
This course unit intents also to give to the student the ability to prepare and to carry out laboratorial experiments and to work in team in order to apply the acquired knowledge and skills to practice, showing a good understanding of the potentialities and limitations of each method.
1 Geometrical Optics
Reflection and refraction
Image formation in optical instruments
2 Wave Optics
3 Introduction To Tissue Optics
Scattering, absorption and luminescence
Light propagation in turbid media
Optical parameter measurement in biological tissues
Propagation of pulsed and polarized light
Diffuse photon density waves
Photothermal and photoacoustic effects
Design and construction of tissue phantoms
4 Optical Fibers
Propagation of light in optical fibres
Optical fibres for visible, UV and IR light
Optical fibre sensors
5 Application of Biomedical Photonics
Optical, Photoacoustic and Optical coherence tomography
Digital holographic microscopy
Polarimetric imaging techniques
Scanning laser ophthalmoscopy
Geometrical and Wave optics
Light propagation in biological media
Applications of biomedical photonics
Hecht E (2012). Ótica, 3a edição. Lisboa: Fundação Calouste Gulbenkian.
Tuchin V (2015). Tissue Optics, 3rd ed. SPIE Press.
VoDinh T [Editor] (2003). Biomedical Photonics. CRC Press.
Portuguese. Tutorial support is available in English.