1. M. Morris Mano, Computer System Architecture, Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River,New Jersey, 3rd edition, 2003.
2. David A. Patterson and John L. Hennessy, Computer Organization and Design; The Hardware/Software interface, Morgan Kaufmann, 3rd edition, 2004.
3. Avtar Singh, Walter A. Triebel, 16-bit and 32-bit microprocessors: architecture, software, and interfacing techniques,Prentice Hall, 1991
4. William Stallings, Computer Organization and Architecture; Designing for Performance, Prentice Hall, 6th edition, 2004.
5. Barry Wilkinson, Computer Architecture; Design and Performance, Prentice Hall, 2nd edition, 1996.
6. John F. Wakerly, Microcomputer Architecture and Programming, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1981.
7. Herbert Taub, Digital Circuits and Microprocessors, McGraw-Hill, Singapore, 1982. Existe versão em Português (Brasil)